Commissioner of Political Practices

Promoting confidence, transparency, and accountability in Montana's democratic processes.

Advisory Opinions

To view the docket of current complaints, CLICK HERE

CLICK HERE to download an Excel file listing all AOs, sortable by topic.

2019 Advisory Opinions
COPP-2019-AO-002 -  

2018 Advisory Opinions
COPP-2018-AO-002 - Ballot Selfies  (Olsen/Eaton v Van Dyk 2011 CFD June, 2011)

COPP-2018-AO-001 - Out of State Political Committee - Supporting Statewide Ballot issue

2017 Advisory Opinions
COPP-2017-AO-004 - Corporate Contributions to Political Campaign Committees
COPP-2017-AO-003 - Candidate Contributions to Other Candidates
COPP-2017-AO-002 - Recall Election Reporting and Disclosure Requirements
COPP-2017-AO-001 - BFC / Lobbying Reporting and Disclosure Requirements

2016 Advisory Opinions
COPP-2016-AO-014 - Liquor Stores as State Actors
COPP-2016-AO-013 - O'Hara v Madison County Central Committee / Committee Classification
COPP-2016-AO-012 - Ballot initiative Signature Gathering By Candidate on Election Day
COPP-2016-AO-011 - Corporate Ballot Issue Endorsements
COPP-2016-AO-010 - Montana Human Rights Network / Communications About Policy Change
COPP-2016-AO-009 - Gary Marbut / Rejection of Request to Renew Advisory Opinion
COPP-2016-AO-008 - MT Republican Party / Earmarked Contributions
COPP-2016-AO-007 - Candidate and State Official PSA and Documentary Tour
COPP-2016-AO-006 - Ronald Rowling / Campaign Ads on Public Space
COPP-2016-AO-005 - Claudia Clifford (AARP) / Electioneering Communication Voter Guide
COPP-2016-AO-004 - Matt Sisler / Ethics Complaint Against Local Government Official
COPP-2016-AO-003 - Johanna Clark / Legislative Candidate Residence in Two Counties

2015 Advisory Opinions
COPP-2015-AO-008 - Contribution Limit Exception For Certain Paid Personal Services
COPP-2015-AO-005 - State Official Public Service Announcement
COPP-2015-AO-004 - Danette Warren / Political Committee Membership Luncheon
COPP-2015-AO-002 - D. Sandefur / Using a Public Facility to Take Campaign Photos
COPP-2015-AO-001 - Eric Wang / Federal & State Candidate Joint Fundraising Committees

2014 Advisory Opinions
COPP-2014-AO-0018 - Ginger Aldrich / Use of Constituent Accounts to Pay Legislative Aides
COPP-2014-AO-0017 - Viv Hammill / D-1 Business Disclosure
COPP-2014-AO-0016 - Jessica Snyder / Sponsor for Agency Bill
COPP-2014-AO-0015 - Augie Aga / Website Banner Ad Attributions
COPP-2014-AO-0014 - Jayson Peters / Ms. Schnebel's Voting Record
COPP-2014-AO-0013 - Roger Hagan / Lobbying by Former Government Personnel
COPP-2014-AO-0012 - Rob Cameron / Legal Service Costs as Elections Costs
COPP-2014-AO-0011 - Steve Sem / Electioneering
COPP-2014-AO-0010 - Senator Fred Thomas & Sheridan Buck / Campaign Schools & Legislative Forums
COPP-2014-AO-0009 - Sandy Welch / A Particular Definition of Contribution
COPP-2014-AO-0008 - Gary Marbut / Candidate Surveys
COPP-2014-AO-0007 - Carl Ibsen / Public Employee Campaign Issues
COPP-2014-AO-0006 - Hartley / Ethics of Dual Public Employment
COPP-2014-AO-0005 - Oppel / Conference Cost Reporting
COPP-2014-AO-0004 - Welch / A Particular Definition of Contribution DRAFT
COPP-2014-AO-0003 - Boyles / Electronic Campaigns
COPP-2014-AO-0002 - Knudsen / Public Official Acts
COPP-2014-AO-0001 - Eric Fulton / Bitcoin Use

2013 Advisory Opinions
COPP-2013-DR-0001 - Montanans for Community Development Declaratory Ruling
COPP-2013-AO-0004 - Dick Barrett / Constituents in New Senate District
COPP-2013-AO-0003 - Montana Family Foundation / Anonymity Disclaimer
COPP-2013-AO-0002 - Franke Wilmer / 2-2-104 Ethics
COPP-2013-AO-0001 - Montanans for Community Development / Express Advocacy

Welch Recount Opinion
Attorney General Opinion: Public Officer or Employee's use of uniform and/or job title in political ads
Naming and Labeling Statute
Political Raffles Opinion